10 principles of floral design

In floral design there are some basic principles that are used to create aesthetically pleasing designs. Although there are really no ‘rules’ when it comes to floral art, it is important to understand these principles to help you develop an eye for design.

Consider these fundamentals for good floral design as you build your arrangements. Instead of letting your designs shrink, consider some tricks that will allow your flowers to shine. The principles below apply to all areas of design and will help make your arrangements more aesthetic.

Balance is the distribution of the “visual weight” of each side of the vertical axial. There must be the same “visual weight” on one side as on the other because an unbalanced arrangement generates a feeling of uneasiness.

Visual weight” is also important in vertical axias. A very “heavy” arrangement at the top will not communicate stability. To achieve this, increase the size of the base by making it “heavier” than the top.

Proportion is the ratio in size of the different elements of your floral design. Avoid using huge containers with small and fragile flowers, or vice versa. Using elements of similar size will give a good visual proportion.

The size of the arrangement depending on where it will be placed. The floral design should always be made for a specific space and be scaled in proportion to the place.

The radial distribution of the design around the central axis. The floral design must seek that all the elements are related in a central way from the same place.

This technique is achieved by repeating colors, sizes, textures, spaces or shapes in a design. Space is one of the most common ways to achieve this rhythm, for example, Fibonacci’s progression indicates that an element should be placed as high as the sum of the two elements that precede it.

This is using a primary color, texture, size, or shape in a design and complementing it with small variants. Maintaining the dominance of an element makes the finished arrangement more harmonious and visually pleasing.

Contrasting colours, shapes and textures enrich the variants of different materials and increase interest in design. Maintain a dominant texture, shape, or color and add contrasting elements to add dimension to your arrangement.
Focal Point

It is usually located at the bottom of a floral design where we want to take the eye. Use the rest of the above principles to generate a focal point in your floral design. The correct space, color and size will develop the movement of the eye towards the center of the design.
Visual Weight

It is what makes the eye move, pause or return to a certain place in the design. Lighter colors will always pull the view more easily than darker ones. Still, the relative amount of different colors is more important than their hues.